1 semester


Name of the discipline



Course of study, specialty

1, specialty “mechanics and mathematical modeling”


Semester of training



Amount of credits



Full name of the lecturer

Senior teacher Nagorny Y.E.


Objectives of studying the discipline

In the course “Physics” the basic concepts, laws, principles are stated, key theorems are proved. The study of this discipline presupposes the formation of a systematic approach to solving practical problems among students.

  As a result of the study, the student must


– the basic laws of physics;

– basic physical models;

– general theorems.

be able to:

– Perform the setting of a physical task;

– to form a mathematical model;

– analyze the solution obtained.



For the perception of information, students need knowledge within the school course of physics, as well as courses of mathematical analysis, algebra, and analytical geometry that are read in the first semester.


Contents of the discipline

The structure of matter. Atoms, molecules, nanoscale systems, compact matter. The charge is elementary, point, distributed. Coulomb’s law. The electric field strength. Potential. The Ostrogradsky-Gauss theorem in integral form. Terem Ostrogradsky-Gauss in a differential form. Poisson equation. A conductor in an electric field. Free charges. Electric capacity. Energy of electric field. Bound charges. Dipole in an electric field. Polarization. Vector polarization. Electric field in dielectrics. Current density vector, current intensity. Ohm’s law in differential form. EMF. The rules of Kirchhoff. Calculation of DC circuits. Law of Joule-Lenz. Power current. Interaction of conductors with current. Ampere’s law. The strength of the magnetic field. The magnetic stress theorem. The power of Lorentz. Work in a magnetic field. Magnetic moment. Magnetization. Paramagnetics. Larmorov’s precession. Diamagnetics. Magnetic field in matter. Magnetization vector. Ferromagnetics. The nature of electromagnetic induction. Magnetic flow. The Lenz rule. EMF induction. Inductance. The energy of the magnetic field. Electric oscillations, resonance. Resistor, capacitor, inductor in an alternating current circuit. Resonance of currents and voltages. Complex amplitudes, resistances. Calculation of alternating current circuits.


Recommended literature

Trofimova TI Short course of physics. Moscow: “Higher School”, 2000. 352 p.

Irodov IE Problems in general physics. Moscow: Nauka, 1988, 416 p.

Sivukhin DV The General Course of Physics. T3: Electricity, Ch1.2, M.: “Science”, 1996, 320 p

Savelyev IV The course of general physics Kn.2: Electricity and magnetism. M.: “Science”, 1998, 336p

Irodov IE Electromagnetism. M.: “Fizmatlit”, 2000, 350p.

Trofimova TI Course of Physics. Tasks and solutions. M.: “Academy”, 2004, 591 p.

Dedyulya IV, Yanut V. VI. Electricity and Magnetism: Sat. tasks – Mn: “BSPU”, 2008, 84 p.


Teaching Methods

Lectures, practical lessons


Language of Russian instruction



Conditions (requirements)

To control and self-control the knowledge and skills of the student on specific topics, test sessions are conducted, including the presentation of the contents of a single (randomly chosen) paragraph and answers to the control questions.


Format of the current certification